Dizziness or loss of balance is the second most common complaint heard in doctor’s surgery. National Institute of Health (USA) statistics indicate that dizziness will occur in 70% of the population at sometimes in their lives. Dizziness or loss of balance either acute of chronic, may limit a person’s everyday living.
Balance disorders fall into two categories. The first is dizziness, vertigo or motion intolerance that may occur in attacks lasting from seconds to several hours. This condition may be worsened or caused by rapid head movements, turning too quickly or walking. The second is persistent sense of unsteadiness or imbalance. Many people believe that loss of balance and unsteadiness are natural result of aging. In fact, fear of falling is the number one health concern of individuals in their later years.
Inner ear is the primary organ responsible for balance and also for hearing. When there is abnormal increase or decrease in the signal being sent to the brain from any of the balance organs, the brain will perceive this as an exaggeration or hallucination of motion. This results is what we commonly experience dizziness or vertigo.
Dizziness or imbalance can be caused by infection, disease, head trauma or natural aging process which causes changes in the balance organs in the inner ear. Although symptoms may last for several days, if left improperly diagnosed or treated, it may linger for years.
The good news is that diagnosis and treatment options have become more effective over the past few years. According to Johns Hopkins, 85% of all forms of dizziness and imbalance can be helped once a proper diagnosis is made. There is hope for many who once thought there might be no relief.